25 - 1 - 2021 | 22:08
  • Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size
Home Database The Third International Workshop on SCS
The Third International Workshop on SCS

DocumentsDate added

Order by : Name | Date | Hits [ Ascendant ]

Although the Chinese have steadfastly maintained that the South China Sea dispute needs to be regarded as a purely local and regional regional affair,  it is increasingly regarded as a much more global concern. This is because it is widely seen as a means of assessing China’s future role and policy, an increasingly neuralgic matter for the United States and a number of other  external countries.  The strategic significance of the dispute is most obviously exemplified by the external concern for the dispute’s possible impact on the freedom of navigation and the extent, nature and consequences of the naval modernisation programmes of the claimants. Given the dangers inherent in the rising temperature, there is a clear need for clarity and cool heads both within the region and outside it. 

The paper consists of three parts. Part One assesses the role of South China Sea issue in the evolving Asia-Pacific geopolitical order. Part Two offers critical insights into the nature of recent efforts taken by ASEAN and the ASEAN Regional Forum. In Part Three, Russia’s policy options towards the issue are under consideration. The conclusion summarizes the foregoing analysis.

A key question consequently comes to the fore: can States enclose the islands (boxed together as a unit) in a system connecting the outward points of the group? The practical results are important, because the baseline indicates from where to start measuring the various maritime zones falling under the jurisdiction of the coastal State (seaward) and which waters are to become internal or archipelagic (landward) depending on the regime applied.
It should be pointed out that identifying the precise composition and characteristics of SCS island groups is a task better left to geographers not jurists. With a view to making a legal theoretical contribution to this problem, we will consider the applicable rules more generally. Consequently, scholars can use such insights fruitfully when dealing with the particulars of the SCS. Moreover, we will centre our analysis on the situation of States other than archipelagic States (which deserves a separate treatment of their own), i.e. the so-called “mixed states”. We will consider from their perspective whether two alternative systems for drawing baselines around offshore island possessions have a sound juridical basis in international law: the archipelagic and straight baselines regimes. Addressing the applicability of these alternative approaches to normal baselines is certainly not a moot point in the context of the SCS. By way of illustration the PRC has enacted legislation in which it has applied a system of straight baselines to the 


The South China sea is only one piece, an important one certainly, but only one piece however in the general defense scheme China is building to put in check a presumed US threat, considering that this general defense scheme is based on three stages:

1 – ensuring for the Chinese navy the full secure freedom of navigation all over the South China sea, especially for its SSBNs from Sanya;

2 – recovering Taiwan so as to enjoy full free genuine territorial waters for China ships may sail freely to the high sea, at least during peace time, or even on the occasion of low intensity crises, or even more as the second cold war seems to begin appearing;

3 – nearing the strategic submarines to US territories coasts.

The paper looks at developments affecting security in the South China Sea prior to and after the adoption of the Guidelines to Implement the Declaration on Conduct in the South China Sea on July 20, 2011. The first part of the paper provides a comparative assessment of China’s aggressive assertiveness in relations with the Philippines and Vietnam and their responses prior to the adoption of the Guidelines. The second part of the paper assesses the significance of the Guidelines to Implement the DOC on security in the South China Sea. Part three reviews developments after the Guidelines were adopted with a focus on China’s bilateral relations with the Philippines and Vietnam and Sino-Indian relations. The paper concludes by arguing that bilateral arrangements between China and other claimant states is a necessary but not sufficient condition for maintaining security in the South China Sea as long as China continues to assert “indisputable sovereignty” over the maritime area.

Page 6 of 7


South China Sea Studies

Joomla Slide Menu by DART Creations

Special Publication



Login Form

Subscribe form

Top Photo Galleries

Web Links