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Home Database The Third International Workshop on SCS
The Third International Workshop on SCS

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This research work aims at finding of the intellectual focus and locus of the exclusive economic zone in the year of 2011January 1 to August 31. What has been discussed on the exclusive economic zone in relations to issues on the seas and oceans? What has been proposed to bring peaceful sea and ocean and to protect the ocean environment and conservation of ocean and marine resources? Data base of this research work is ProQuest which is available in the public library system in the United States which collects 80 academic journals and major newspapers.

The paper notes the evolution of the South China Sea dispute from a territorial dispute over the sovereignty of the islands and sea territory, a problem of access to the oil and gas reserves of the sea which became critical as global demand for energy rose, to an issue of strategic rivalry between the US and China. It is becoming linked with wider strategic issues relating to China’s naval strategy as it develops a naval power projection capabilityand also with America’s forward presence in the Western Pacific and its alliance relationships within the region.  The paper argues that a conflict prevention agreement is necessary to prevent minor incidents from escalating into conflict pending a resolution of the conflicting claims.  This agreement should include the two major protagonists, the US and China as well as the ASEAN claimants.

 

In order to solve the dispute and promote cooperation in the South China Sea region, the author suggests that conserving and managing fishery resources could be established as a starting point. There are a great number of management means, institutions, and international instruments, such as conventions, treaties and arrangements have been developed to protect fish stocks. Nonetheless, these policy means should be practiced in an integrated mechanism, which is under national, regional, and international levels, so that the policy objects could be accomplished.

In a well-organized mechanism, the following elements are necessary for an ocean governance to proceed: harmonization of legislations and regulations on fisheries and environmental protection among parties concerned; transparency in national ocean policy is a critical component in making decisions for the related governments; regional cooperation among states in relevant fields, as well as the contributions made by regional fisheries management organizations. This paper concludes that an RFMO is needed in order to conserve and manage the fishery resources in the South China Sea. Furthermore, such model could be contributed towards the solution of the dispute in the South China Sea.

In March 2010, Chinese diplomats told senior Obama administration officials that China (People’s Republic of China: PRC) would not tolerate any interference in the South China Sea, now part of China’s “core interest” of sovereignty. The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) navy and the Chinese maritime security agencies have begun to deploy their battleships and patrol boats in the South China Sea. Tensions between China and its Southeast Asian neighbors are on the rise. The United States, Japan, and Australia also show concern for the security of Sea Lines of Communication (SLOC) in the South China Sea. It is also said that the PLA navy has a plan to develop aircraft carriers. This paper analyzes these maritime challenges and explores implications for the security cooperation between China and its neighboring countries including Japan and the United States.

To consider what is at stake for a particular nation in a given geographic area, one must consider what that nation considers to be its national interests in that area.  During the first two and half years of the presidency of U.S. President Barack Obama, senior U.S. government officials have repeatedly identified and discussed what the United States considers to be its national interests in the South China Sea.  This paper will highlight those identified interests.  Thereafter, the paper will share some personal thoughts, insights, and opinions of the author as to the nature of those interests and ways in which those interests might be at risk.

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South China Sea Studies

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